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For now we have just given you some background on the rhino :

The black rhinoceros or hook-lipped rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) the rhinoceros is referred to as black, its colors vary from brown to gray.

The other African rhinoceros is the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). The word “white” in the name “white rhinoceros” is a misinterpretation of the Afrikaans word wyd, itself derived from the Dutch word wijd for wide, referring to its square upper lip, as opposed to the pointed or hooked lip of the black rhinoceros. These species are now sometimes referred to as the square-lipped (for white) or hook-lipped (for black) rhinoceros.
The species overall is classified as critically endangered, and one subspecies, the western black rhinoceros, was declared extinct by the IUCN in 2011.
Last year the Javan rhinoceros, the rarest large mammal in the world, was declared extinct in Vietnam.
As a species the rhino is at least 50 million years old, but if something is not done to curb the appetite for its horn, it may not, in fact it will not last the century.
Technology has helped poachers enormously. From 2008 until mid 2011, 776 rhinos were killed in South Africa where poachers are using GPS, helicopters and semi-automatic weapons.
This huge great wonder of the world is being destroyed, and it just needs a little management. Well probably an over exaggeration as it needs a lot of help, dedication and money, like all charities.
And it’s not only rhinos, last year in South Africa 14 armed poachers were killed in encounters with park rangers.
The reason for all this slaughter is based on a deep-rooted ancient belief that is nothing more than myth. Rhino horn is composed of keratin – gelatinous hair – with no beneficial medical properties; just hundreds of years of reputation and rumour. Chinese materia medica lists it as a method of reducing fever and febrile convulsions. Even if it did work, one cannot help asking when the rhino population of Africa has been reduced by 96 per cent in 50 years – why not take an aspirin?
White rhinos are grazers, ad indigenous to South Africa. It is thought that white was a mistranslation of the Afrikaans word for “wide” denoting their big, square mouth.
All rhinos – need any help they can get, although the story has not been only bad; the population of the southern white rhino was down to 30 at the beginning of the 20th century. It is now more than 20,000 (black rhinos number 4880). Conservation measures were put into practice and the population climbed steadily until two decades of heavy poaching in the 1970s and 1980s.
Then the price of rhino horn started to climb once more. The sheer numbers of Chinese workers in Africa today combined with endemic local corruption has facilitated the export of rhino horn and ivory, and the market has diversified; there is a surge of demand in Vietnam, where rhino horn is illegally but aggressively marketed as a cure for everything from hangovers to cancer.
Rhino conservation is an expensive business.
This is the future for rhinos; electric fences and armed guards. Is there a limit on how much should be spent to protect a species?
Do whatever you can, whatever it takes, whatever it costs. Otherwise we lose another species and it happens to be a fairly big one, and a fairly old one. The Rhino is as important as the seas and chameleons and the grasslands and everything else – one has a flagship species for a reason. If you take the elephants and the rhinos out of the eco system – you’ll be left with a few billion gazelles running around with this huge great wonder of the world destroyed in front of us.
Wildlife conservation is the core of everything.
One needs to be deeply concerned about the plight of the rhino and even more so about the vast increase in incidents of elephant poaching and the heartbreaking consequences. There is a distinction between rhino and elephant poaching, not least because the markets are so different – ivory is destined for wealthy Asian middle class; the rhino horn market is the often uneducated and sometimes desperate advocate of traditional Chinese medicine; With ivory you’re trying to inform educated and affluent people, whereas this belief that rhino horn saves lives – we’d all spend our last cent on saving a life, hence the difference.
The protection of the Rhino is a very different matter, too with the conclusion that rhino conservation is more about law enforcement. It is about technology, good intelligence, good surveillance, clear intent, strong leadership – and you can keep rhinos alive. It is also about money and space.
I am not happy or comfortable sitting and watching another species become extinct during my lifetime. We must be responsible – the world is changing but we’re changing it.
Vietnam is now the primary market for Rhino Horn; although it is illegal to sell rhino horn in Vietnam there is little enforcement of the law.
Some South African conservationists also advocate farming rhinos for their horns, claiming that if they produced enough to meet the demand (a live rhino can supply a little more than two pounds of horn annually) it would prevent poaching, however, producing it legally would be endorsing it. If you reinvigorate the market with active, legal sales you will encourage poaching on an unsustainable scale.
It will be the end of the rhino in the wild.
When people refer to “wild rhinos” today it means rhinos not kept in zoos. A rhino in a game reserve or a sanctuary or a national park is considered a wild rhino. “Wild” once meant roaming the land at will, not behind electric fences and protected by armed security guards.
In that sense, there have been no wild rhinos for a long time and there will never be wild rhinos again.

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